Emotional exhaustion and burnout among medical professors; a nationwide survey

BMC Med Educ. 2014 Sep 4;14:183. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-14-183.

Abstract

Background: Although job-related burnout and its core feature emotional exhaustion are common among medical professionals and compromise job satisfaction and professional performance, they have never been systematically studied in medical professors, who have central positions in academic medicine.

Methods: We performed an online nationwide survey inviting all 1206 medical professors in The Netherlands to participate. They were asked to fill out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a 'professional engagement' inventory, and to provide demographic and job-specific data.

Results: A total of 437 Professors completed the questionnaire. Nearly one quarter (23.8%) scored above the cut-off used for the definition of emotional exhaustion. Factors related to being in an early career stage (i.e. lower age, fewer years since appointment, having homeliving children, having a relatively low Hirsch index) were significantly associated with higher emotional exhaustion scores. There was a significant inverse correlation between emotional exhaustion and the level of professional engagement.

Conclusions: Early career medical professors have higher scores on emotional exhaustion and may be prone for developing burnout. Based upon this finding, preventive strategies to prevent burnout could be targeted to young professors.

MeSH terms

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Burnout, Professional / diagnosis*
  • Burnout, Professional / prevention & control
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology*
  • Faculty, Medical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / complications*
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires