Pharmacokinetic assessment in patients receiving continuous RRT: perspectives from the Kidney Health Initiative

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015 Jan 7;10(1):159-64. doi: 10.2215/CJN.05630614. Epub 2014 Sep 4.

Abstract

The effect of AKI and modern continuous RRT (CRRT) methods on drug disposition (pharmacokinetics) and response has been poorly studied. Pharmaceutical manufacturers have little incentive to perform pharmacokinetic studies in patients undergoing CRRT because such studies are neither recommended in existing US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance documents nor required for new drug approval. Action is urgently needed to address the knowledge deficit. The Kidney Health Initiative has assembled a work group composed of clinicians and scientists representing academia, the FDA, and the pharmaceutical and dialysis industries with expertise related to pharmacokinetics, AKI, and/or CRRT. The work group critically evaluated key considerations in the assessment of pharmacokinetics and drug dosing in CRRT, practical constraints related to conducting pharmacokinetic studies in critically ill patients, and the generalizability of observations made in the context of specific CRRT prescriptions and specific patient populations in order to identify efficient study designs capable of addressing the knowledge deficit without impeding drug development. Considerations for the standardized assessment of pharmacokinetics and development of corresponding drug dosing recommendations in critically ill patients with AKI receiving CRRT are proposed.

Keywords: acute renal failure; dialysis; pharmacokinetic.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / diagnosis
  • Acute Kidney Injury / metabolism
  • Acute Kidney Injury / therapy*
  • Critical Illness
  • Drug Dosage Calculations*
  • Humans
  • Nephrology / methods
  • Nephrology / standards*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / administration & dosage
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism*
  • Pharmacokinetics*
  • Renal Replacement Therapy* / adverse effects

Substances

  • Pharmaceutical Preparations