Concurrent speed endurance and resistance training improves performance, running economy, and muscle NHE1 in moderately trained runners

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Nov 15;117(10):1097-109. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01226.2013. Epub 2014 Sep 4.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine whether speed endurance training (SET, repeated 30-s sprints) and heavy resistance training (HRT, 80-90% of 1 repetition maximum) performed in succession are compatible and lead to performance improvements in moderately trained endurance runners. For an 8-wk intervention period (INT) 23 male runners [maximum oxygen uptake (V̇O(2max)) 59 ± 1 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1); values are means ± SE] either maintained their training (CON, n = 11) or performed high-intensity concurrent training (HICT, n = 12) consisting of two weekly sessions of SET followed by HRT and two weekly sessions of aerobic training with an average reduction in running distance of 42%. After 4 wk of HICT, performance was improved (P < 0.05) in a 10-km run (42:30 ± 1:07 vs. 44:11 ± 1:08 min:s) with no further improvement during the last 4 wk. Performance in a 1,500-m run (5:10 ± 0:05 vs. 5:27 ± 0:08 min:s) and in the Yo-Yo IR2 test (706 ± 97 vs. 491 ± 65 m) improved (P < 0.001) only following 8 wk of INT. In HICT, running economy (189 ± 4 vs. 195 ± 4 ml·kg(-1)·km(-1)), muscle content of NHE1 (35%) and dynamic muscle strength was augmented (P < 0.01) after compared with before INT, whereas V̇O(2max), muscle morphology, capillarization, content of muscle Na(+)/K(+) pump subunits, and MCT4 were unaltered. No changes were observed in CON. The present study demonstrates that SET and HRT, when performed in succession, lead to improvements in both short- and long-term running performance together with improved running economy as well as increased dynamic muscle strength and capacity for muscular H(+) transport in moderately trained endurance runners.

Keywords: Vo2 kinetics; concurrent training; heavy resistance training; performance; running economy; speed endurance training.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cation Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Exercise Test
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Muscle Strength
  • Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism*
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Endurance*
  • Recovery of Function
  • Resistance Training*
  • Running*
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchanger 1
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers / metabolism*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Time Factors
  • Up-Regulation

Substances

  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • SLC9A1 protein, human
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchanger 1
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers