Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of new insulin glargine 300 units/mL (Gla-300) with glargine 100 units/mL (Gla-100) in people with type 2 diabetes using basal insulin (≥42 units/day) plus oral antihyperglycemic drugs (OADs).
Research design and methods: EDITION 2 was a multicenter, open-label, two-arm study. Adults receiving basal insulin plus OADs were randomized to Gla-300 or Gla-100 once daily for 6 months. The primary end point was change in HbA1c. The main secondary end point was percentage of participants with one or more nocturnal confirmed (≤3.9 mmol/L [≤70 mg/dL]) or severe hypoglycemic events from week 9 to month 6.
Results: Randomized participants (n = 811) had a mean (SD) HbA₁c of 8.24% (0.82) and BMI of 34.8 kg/m(2) (6.4). Glycemic control improved similarly with both basal insulins; least squares mean (SD) reduction from baseline was -0.57% (0.09) for Gla-300 and -0.56% (0.09) for Gla-100 (mean difference -0.01% [95% CI -0.14 to 0.12]), with 10% higher dose of Gla-300. Less nocturnal confirmed (≤3.9 mmol/L [≤70 mg/dL]) or severe hypoglycemia was observed with Gla-300 from week 9 to month 6 (relative risk 0.77 [95% CI 0.61-0.99]; P = 0.038) and during the first 8 weeks. Fewer nocturnal and any time (24 h) hypoglycemic events were reported during the entire 6-month period. Weight gain was lower with Gla-300 than with Gla-100 (P = 0.015). No between-treatment differences in safety parameters were identified.
Conclusions: Gla-300 was as effective as Gla-100 and associated with a lower risk of hypoglycemia during the night and at any time of the day.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01499095.
© 2014 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.