Investigation on the effectiveness of pretreatment in stormwater management technologies

J Environ Sci (China). 2014 Sep 1;26(9):1824-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jes.2014.06.018. Epub 2014 Jul 15.


The effectiveness of presettling basins as component of stormwater best management practice (BMP) technologies was investigated. Storm event monitoring and sediment collection were conducted from May 2009 to November 2012 on the presettling basins of the three BMP technologies designed to capture and treat stormwater runoff from highly impervious roads and parking lots. Data on captured runoff and sediment, total suspended solids (TSS) loadings, rainfall and runoff rate, sediment accumulation rate, as well as particle distribution and pollutant concentrations of sediment were gathered and analyzed along with the physical design characteristics of the presettling basins such as surface area and storage volume. Regression models were generated to determine significant relationships between design parameters. Results revealed that the storage volume ratio (ratio of storage volume of presettling basin to BMP) was an important parameter in designing the presettling basin of the BMP. For practicality, optimizing the design of the presettling basin means that the storage volume ratio should be determined based on the desired captured amount of runoff and sediment from runoff to limit the frequency of maintenance caused by the accumulation of sediment. It was recommended that pretreatment of runoff should be employed when the site in which the BMP is to be sited has high TSS loading and runoff rate, and is subjected to high intensity rainfall.

Keywords: Best management practice; Presettling basin; Pretreatment; Sediment; Stormwater runoff.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Benchmarking
  • Drainage, Sanitary*
  • Water Purification*