Objectives: To compare the short- and long-term outcomes of transradial approach (TRA) versus transfemoral approach (TFA) for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) during a complete institutional transition from TFA to TRA.
Methods and results: An all-comer population of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients (n=1808) who underwent PPCI using TRA (n=1162) and TFA (n=646) from October 2007 to December 2010 were enrolled. TRA was used in 25% of PPCIs by 2007 and in 96% of PPCIs in 2010. Primary endpoints were cardiovascular death and major adverse cardiac event (MACE), defined as a composite of death, stroke, reinfarction, and target vessel revascularization at 30 days and 1 year. At 30 days, TRA compared to TFA was associated with a significant reduction of cardiovascular mortality (5.2% vs 10.5%; P<.001), significant MACE reduction (7.3% vs 12.5%; P<.001), fewer access-site complications (0.9% vs 8.2%; P<.001), and lower TIMI major bleeding (1.1% vs 4.3%; P<.001). At 1 year, the cardiovascular mortality and MACE rates were also in favor of the TRA group (6.9% vs 11.5%; P<.001 and 11.6% vs 20.1%; P<.001), respectively.
Conclusion: Complete transition from femoral access to a preferred radial access is safe and effective for STEMI patients undergoing PPCI, with a favorable effect on short- and long-term outcomes.