Nicotinamidase/pyrazinamidase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis forms homo-dimers stabilized by disulfide bonds

Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2014 Dec;94(6):644-8. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2014 Aug 24.


Recombinant wild-pyrazinamidase from H37Rv Mycobacterium tuberculosis was analyzed by gel electrophoresis under differential reducing conditions to evaluate its quaternary structure. PZAse was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography under non-reducing conditions. PZAse activity was measured and mass spectrometry analysis was performed to determine the identity of proteins by de novo sequencing and to determine the presence of disulfide bonds. This study confirmed that M. tuberculosis wild type PZAse was able to form homo-dimers in vitro. Homo-dimers showed a slightly lower specific PZAse activity compared to monomeric PZAse. PZAse dimers were dissociated into monomers in response to reducing conditions. Mass spectrometry analysis confirmed the existence of disulfide bonds (C72-C138 and C138-C138) stabilizing the quaternary structure of the PZAse homo-dimer.

Keywords: Dimer; Drug resistance; Multimer; Mycobacterium; Nicotinamidase; Nicotinamide; Pyrazinamidase; Pyrazinamide; Reducing stress; Tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amidohydrolases / metabolism*
  • Binding Sites
  • Chromatography, Gel / methods
  • Disulfides / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mass Spectrometry / methods
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / enzymology*
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / metabolism
  • Nicotinamidase / metabolism*


  • Disulfides
  • Amidohydrolases
  • pyrazinamide deamidase
  • Nicotinamidase