The purposes of this study were to determine if image distortion is less in prostate MR apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps generated from a reduced-field-of-view (rFOV) diffusion-weighted-imaging (DWI) technique than from a conventional DWI sequence (CONV), and to determine if the rFOV ADC tumor contrast is as high as or better than that of the CONV sequence. Fifty patients underwent a 3T MRI exam. CONV and rFOV (utilizing a 2D, echo-planar, rectangularly-selective RF pulse) sequences were acquired using b=600, 0s/mm(2). Distortion was visually scored 0-4 by three independent observers and quantitatively measured using the difference in rectal wall curvature between the ADC maps and T2-weighted images. Distortion scores were lower with the rFOV sequence (p<0.012, Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test, n=50), and difference in distortion scores did not differ significantly among observers (p=0.99, Kruskal-Wallis Rank Sum Test). The difference in rectal curvature was less with rFOV ADC maps (26%±10%) than CONV ADC maps (34%±13%) (p<0.011, Student's t-test). In seventeen patients with untreated, biopsy confirmed prostate cancer, the rFOV sequence afforded significantly higher ADC tumor contrast (44.0%) than the CONV sequence (35.9%), (p<0.0012, Student's t-test). The rFOV sequence yielded significantly decreased susceptibility artifact and significantly higher contrast between tumor and healthy tissue.
Keywords: ADC; Diffusion-weighted imaging; Endorectal; MRI; Prostate; Reduced FOV.
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