Aim: Standard in vivo cancer models entail injecting single cancer cells, but this technique is not always successful. We developed a novel cancer cell sheet by using temperature-responsive polymer poly(N-isopropyl acryl amide)-coated plates, which allow controlled attachment and detachment of living cancer cells via simple temperature changes.
Materials and methods: Four human cancer cell lines were used to make cell sheets. The cancer cell sheets were subcutaneously transplanted into nude mice and compared regarding their tumor-forming ability with the conventional cell suspension technique.
Results: Human cancer cell sheets were successfully transplanted into nude mice. The cancer cell sheets resulted in stable engraftment and showed a higher tumor volume determined by total flux with the IVIS® imaging system.
Conclusion: Novel cancer cell sheets are useful tools to make in vivo cancer models in mice for the assessment of anticancer therapeutics.
Keywords: Cancer; cell sheet; mouse model; tissue engineering; transplantation.
Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.