Involvement of liver in diabetes mellitus: herbal remedies

Clin Ter. 2014;165(4):223-30. doi: 10.7417/CT.2014.1738.


Liver disease is considered as one of the major complications in oxidative stress disorders like diabetes mellitus (DM). DM presents with deterioration in carbohydrate metabolism which is characterized with chronic hyperglycemia. The organ which involves in glucose or carbohydrate metabolism and is most likely to be affected is the liver. Deterioration in liver architecture and metabolism in DM, are considered as common findings. In the present review both biochemical and histological changes occurring in diabetic liver are conferred in detail. To counteract the oxidative stress disorders and its untoward complications, antioxidant or herbs have emerged as alternative medicine. The present review focuses on several herbs with antioxidant properties towards diabetic liver disease such as Liquorice, Pelargonium gravenolens, Momordica charantia, Propolis from bee hives, Dihar, Curcuma Longa, Tinospora cordifolia, Kangen-karyu, Parsley, Chard, Green tea Catechins and Piper sarmentosum (P.s). The herbs or the compounds present in herbs have potential to improve the liver metabolism and maintain the integrity of liver tissue in DM. The review also opens the door for effective use of herbal products for complications involved in the diabetic liver disease.

Keywords: diabetic; herbs; liver; oxidative; plant extract; stress; treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Diabetes Complications / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / drug therapy
  • Liver Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Liver Diseases / metabolism
  • Liver Diseases / physiopathology
  • Momordica charantia / chemistry
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Phytotherapy / methods*
  • Piper / chemistry
  • Propolis / pharmacology


  • Antioxidants
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Kangen-karyu
  • Propolis