A diffusion-tensor-based white matter atlas for rhesus macaques

PLoS One. 2014 Sep 9;9(9):e107398. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107398. eCollection 2014.


Atlases of key white matter (WM) structures in humans are widely available, and are very useful for region of interest (ROI)-based analyses of WM properties. There are histology-based atlases of cortical areas in the rhesus macaque, but none currently of specific WM structures. Since ROI-based analysis of WM pathways is also useful in studies using rhesus diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data, we have here created an atlas based on a publicly available DTI-based template of young rhesus macaques. The atlas was constructed to mimic the structure of an existing human atlas that is widely used, making results translatable between species. Parcellations were carefully hand-drawn on a principle-direction color-coded fractional anisotropy image of the population template. The resulting atlas can be used as a reference to which registration of individual rhesus data can be performed for the purpose of white-matter parcellation. Alternatively, specific ROIs from the atlas may be warped into individual space to be used in ROI-based group analyses. This atlas will be made publicly available so that it may be used as a resource for DTI studies of rhesus macaques.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anisotropy
  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain Mapping / methods
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging / methods*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Macaca mulatta / physiology*
  • White Matter / physiology*