Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is common in infants with variable clinical presentation including varied gastrointestinal manifestation. Cow's milk protein allergy chiefly, involving occurs in children below the age of 3 years, successful therapy depends on completely eliminating cow's milk proteins (CMP) from the child's diet. Ideally, with the replacement of hypo or an allergenic food. Symptoms suggestive of CMPA may be encountered in approximately 5 to 15% of infants emphasizing the importance of controlled elimination/milk challenge procedures. We report on an Egyptian male infant, who developed frequent attacks of hematemesis when begin to eat foods other than breast milk including cow's milk and its dairy products at the age of three months. Possible cow's milk protein allergy was suspected. Further diagnostic work-up was done including: Hb, hematocrit, MCV: iron, ferritin, CRP, occult blood in stools, antibodies to H-pylori and upper GIT endoscopy and biopsy from snip of duodenal mucosa. Measurement of serum cow milk protein specific IgE by radio allegro sorbent test (RAST) technique (immune CAP specific IgE method) and results revealed cow's milk protein allergy. It is concluded that cow's milk protein allergy should be considered in cases of hematemesis presented in early infancy in infants who fed cow's milk early and that hematemesis should be added to the list of clinical presentation of CMPA.