Targeted endovenous treatment of Giacomini vein insufficiency-associated varicose disease: considering the reflux patterns

Diagn Interv Radiol. 2014 Nov;20(6):481-6. doi: 10.5152/dir.2014.14148.


Purpose: We aimed to assess the technical feasibility of targeted endovenous treatment of Giacomini vein insufficiency (GVI)-associated varicose disease and report our early results.

Methods: We retrospectively screened 335 patients with varicose disease who underwent endovenous laser ablation from September 2011 to January 2013, and determined 17 patients who underwent Giacomini vein ablation. Using a targeted endovenous treatment approach considering the reflux pattern, all healthy great saphenous veins (GSV) or vein segments were preserved while all insufficient veins (Giacomini vein, perforator veins, small saphenous vein, anterior accessory GSV, major tributary veins, or incompetent segments of the GSV) were ablated. Treatment success was analysed using Doppler findings and clinical assessment scores before and after treatment.

Results: Targeted endovenous treatment was technically successful in all cases. Seven GSVs were preserved totally and three GSVs were preserved partially (10/17, 58%), with no major complications. Clinical assessment scores and Doppler findings were improved in all cases.

Conclusion: Targeted endovenous treatment of GVI-associated varicose disease is safe and effective. In majority of GVI cases saphenous vein can be preserved using this approach.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Femoral Vein / diagnostic imaging
  • Femoral Vein / pathology
  • Femoral Vein / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Saphenous Vein / diagnostic imaging
  • Saphenous Vein / pathology
  • Saphenous Vein / surgery*
  • Sclerotherapy / methods
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex / methods
  • Varicose Veins / diagnostic imaging
  • Varicose Veins / pathology
  • Varicose Veins / surgery*
  • Venous Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Venous Insufficiency / pathology
  • Venous Insufficiency / surgery*