Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 2014 Oct;104(10):e31-42.
doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302110.

Relationship Between Diet and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Affiliations
Free PMC article
Review

Relationship Between Diet and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Adrienne O'Neil et al. Am J Public Health. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

We systematically reviewed 12 epidemiological studies to determine whether an association exists between diet quality and patterns and mental health in children and adolescents; 9 explored the relationship using diet as the exposure, and 3 used mental health as the exposure. We found evidence of a significant, cross-sectional relationship between unhealthy dietary patterns and poorer mental health in children and adolescents. We observed a consistent trend for the relationship between good-quality diet and better mental health and some evidence for the reverse. When including only the 7 studies deemed to be of high methodological quality, all but 1 of these trends remained. Findings highlight the potential importance of the relationship between dietary patterns or quality and mental health early in the life span.

Figures

FIGURE 1—
FIGURE 1—
Flowchart summary of search results.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 64 articles

See all "Cited by" articles
Feedback