[Congenital tibial hemimelia]

Orthopade. 2014 Nov;43(11):1016-21. doi: 10.1007/s00132-014-3017-4.
[Article in German]


Background: The congenital tibia hemimelia, also called tibial deficiency, is a rare disorder with unknown cause, showing many associated abnormalities or varying syndromes.

Methods: The correct diagnosis can be easily established using radiographs and/or magnetic resonance imaging in the postpartum setting. However, treatment may be difficult and needs to take into consideration the given anatomic situation in the knee and ankle joint.

Conclusion: Prosthetic fitting may be possible in mild cases. Nevertheless, the majority of patients need to undergo surgical reconstruction in order to restore a functional, mobile, and stable knee and ankle joint.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ectromelia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ectromelia / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / abnormalities*
  • Knee Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Knee Joint / surgery*
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Radiography
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Tibia / abnormalities*
  • Tibia / diagnostic imaging
  • Tibia / surgery*