OsAAP6 functions as an important regulator of grain protein content and nutritional quality in rice

Nat Commun. 2014 Sep 11;5:4847. doi: 10.1038/ncomms5847.

Abstract

Grains from cereals contribute an important source of protein to human food, and grain protein content (GPC) is an important determinant of nutritional quality in cereals. Here we show that the quantitative trait locus (QTL) qPC1 in rice controls GPC by regulating the synthesis and accumulation of glutelins, prolamins, globulins, albumins and starch. qPC1 encodes a putative amino acid transporter OsAAP6, which functions as a positive regulator of GPC in rice, such that higher expression of OsAAP6 is correlated with higher GPC. OsAAP6 greatly enhances root absorption of a range of amino acids and has effects on the distribution of various amino acids. Two common variations in the potential cis-regulatory elements of the OsAAP6 5'-untranslated region seem to be associated with GPC diversity mainly in indica cultivars. Our results represent the first step toward unravelling the mechanism of regulation underlying natural variation of GPC in rice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Albumins / biosynthesis
  • Albumins / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems / genetics*
  • Amino Acids / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Globulins / biosynthesis
  • Globulins / metabolism
  • Glutens / biosynthesis
  • Glutens / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oryza / genetics*
  • Oryza / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Prolamins / biosynthesis
  • Prolamins / metabolism
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • Starch / biosynthesis
  • Starch / metabolism

Substances

  • Albumins
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems
  • Amino Acids
  • Globulins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Prolamins
  • Glutens
  • Starch

Associated data

  • GENBANK/KM213629
  • GENBANK/KM213630