Cancer treatment-related cardiotoxicity: current state of knowledge and future research priorities

J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Sep 10;106(9):dju232. doi: 10.1093/jnci/dju232. Print 2014 Sep.


Cardiotoxicity resulting from direct myocyte damage has been a known complication of cancer treatment for decades. More recently, the emergence of hypertension as a clinically significant side effect of several new agents has been recognized as adversely affecting cancer treatment outcomes. With cancer patients living longer, in part because of treatment advances, these adverse events have become increasingly important to address. However, little is known about the cardiovascular pathogenic mechanisms associated with cancer treatment and even less about how to optimally prevent and manage short- and long-term cardiovascular complications, leading to improved patient safety and clinical outcomes. To identify research priorities, allocate resources, and establish infrastructure required to address cardiotoxicity associated with cancer treatment, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) sponsored a two-day workshop, "Cancer treatment-related cardiotoxicity: Understanding the current state of knowledge and future research priorities," in March 2013 in Bethesda, MD. Participants included leading oncology and cardiology researchers and health professionals, patient advocates and industry representatives, with expertise ranging from basic to clinical science. Attendees were charged with identifying research opportunities to advance the understanding of cancer treatment-related cardiotoxicity across basic and clinical science. This commentary highlights the key discussion points and overarching recommendations from that workshop.

Publication types

  • Congress
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Health Personnel / education
  • Heart / drug effects*
  • Heart Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Heart Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Muscle Cells / drug effects
  • National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.)
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • United States


  • Antineoplastic Agents