Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Clinical Trial
, 44 (12), 3543-59

Concurrent Interaction of DCs With CD4(+) and CD8(+) T Cells Improves Secondary CTL Expansion: It Takes Three to Tango

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

Concurrent Interaction of DCs With CD4(+) and CD8(+) T Cells Improves Secondary CTL Expansion: It Takes Three to Tango

Stefanie Hoyer et al. Eur J Immunol.

Abstract

T-cell help is essential for CTL-memory formation. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether the continuous presence of CD4(+) T-helper (Th) cells is required during dendritic cell (DC)/CD8(+) T-cell encounters, or whether a DC will remember the helper signal after the Th cell has departed. This question is relevant for the design of therapeutic cancer vaccines. Therefore, we investigated how human DCs need to interact with CD4(+) T cells to mediate efficient repetitive CTL expansion in vitro. We established an autologous antigen-specific in vitro system with monocyte-derived DCs, as these are primarily used for cancer vaccination. Contrary to common belief, a sequential interaction of licensed DCs with CD8(+) T cells barely improved CTL expansion. In sharp contrast, simultaneous encounter of Th cells and CTLs with the same DC during the first in vitro encounter is a prerequisite for optimal subsequent CTL expansion in our in vitro system. These data suggest that, in contrast to DC maturation, the activation of DCs by Th cells, which is necessary for optimal CTL stimulation, is transient. This knowledge has significant implications for the design of new and more effective DC-based vaccination strategies. Furthermore, our in vitro system could be a valuable tool for preclinical immunotherapeutical studies.

Keywords: CTL expansion; Dendritic cells; T-cell help; Three-cell interaction; Two-cell interaction.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 9 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

Substances

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback