Aims: Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) has been shown to control a calcium (Ca(2+)) influx pathway that emerges during the hypertrophic remodelling of cardiomyocytes. Our aim was to determine the interaction of Orai1 and Orai3 with STIM1 and their role in the constitutive store-independent and the store-operated, STIM1-dependent, Ca(2+) influx in cardiomyocytes.
Methods and results: We characterized the expression profile of Orai proteins and their interaction with STIM1 in both normal and hypertrophied adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes. Orai1 and 3 protein levels were unaltered during the hypertrophic process and both proteins co-immunoprecipitated with STIM1. The level of STIM1 and Orai1 were significantly greater in the macromolecular complex precipitated by the Orai3 antibody in hypertrophied cardiomyocytes. We then used a non-viral method to deliver Cy3-tagged siRNAs in vivo to adult ventricular cardiomyocytes and silence Orai channel candidates. Cardiomyocytes were subsequently isolated then the voltage-independent, i.e. store-independent and store-operated Ca(2+) entries were measured on Fura-2 AM loaded Cy3-labelled and control isolated cardiomyocytes. The whole cell patch-clamp technique was used to measure Orai-mediated currents. Specific Orai1 and Orai3 knockdown established Orai3, but not Orai1, as the critical partner of STIM1 carrying these voltage-independent Ca(2+) entries in the adult hypertrophied cardiomyocytes. Orai3 also drove an arachidonic acid-activated inward current.
Conclusion: Cardiac Orai3 is the essential partner of STIM1 and drives voltage-independent Ca(2+) entries in adult cardiomyocytes. Arachidonic acid-activated currents, which are supported by Orai3, are present in adult cardiomyocytes and increased during hypertrophy.
Keywords: Calcium; Cardiac hypertrophy; Orai; STIM1; SiRNA.
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