Controlling laser-induced jet formation for bioprinting mesenchymal stem cells with high viability and high resolution

Biofabrication. 2014 Sep 12;6(4):045001. doi: 10.1088/1758-5082/6/4/045001.

Abstract

Laser-assisted bioprinting is a versatile, non-contact, nozzle-free printing technique which has demonstrated high potential for cell printing with high resolution. Improving cell viability requires determining printing conditions which minimize shear stress for cells within the jet and cell impact at droplet landing. In this context, this study deals with laser-induced jet dynamics to determine conditions from which jets arise with minimum kinetic energies. The transition from a sub-threshold regime to jetting regime has been associated with a geometrical parameter (vertex angle) which can be harnessed to print mesenchymal stem cells with high viability using slow jet conditions. Finally, hydrodynamic jet stability is also studied for higher laser pulse energies which give rise to supersonic but turbulent jets.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bioprinting / methods*
  • Biotechnology / methods*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival / physiology*
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Lasers, Solid-State
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Mice