Multiple sclerosis and vitamin D during pregnancy and lactation

Acta Neurol Scand. 2015 Jan;131(1):64-7. doi: 10.1111/ane.12306. Epub 2014 Sep 12.


Background: Both pregnancy and high vitamin D concentration seem to generate a protective environment against multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses. Longitudinal case-control analysis of vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy and lactation of MS mothers is lacking.

Aims of the study: To examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 levels of MS patients during and after pregnancy and compare these to the levels measured in healthy controls.

Methods: Fifteen relapsing-remitting MS mothers underwent repeated testing for 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 at 10-12, 26-28 and 35-37 gestational weeks and 1, 3 and 6 months post-partum. An identical series of samples was collected from six control mothers.

Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (<50 nmol/l) during pregnancy was high (73%) among MS patients. Vitamin D levels were significantly higher during pregnancy when compared to early post-partum values among MS patients. At the end of the follow-up period, the vitamin D levels returned to levels observed in early pregnancy. In healthy controls, the alterations during and after pregnancy were similar in nature, but the vitamin D concentrations were higher at all time points when compared to MS patients (P = 0.037).

Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency during the pregnancy and lactation seems to be common in mothers with MS and needs to be treated adequately.

Keywords: lactation; multiple sclerosis; post-partum; pregnancy; vitamin D.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lactation / blood*
  • Male
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting / blood*
  • Postpartum Period / blood*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevalence
  • Recurrence
  • Vitamin D / blood*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / blood
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / epidemiology*
  • Young Adult


  • Vitamin D