Objective: To assess the dose-ranging efficacy and safety of LX4211, a dual inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 1 and SGLT2, in type 2 diabetes.
Research design and methods: Type 2 diabetic patients inadequately controlled on metformin were randomly assigned to 75 mg once daily, 200 mg once daily, 200 mg twice daily, or 400 mg once daily of LX4211 or placebo. Primary end point was A1C change from baseline to week 12. Secondary end points included changes in blood pressure (BP) and body weight.
Results: Baseline characteristics in 299 patients randomly assigned to LX4211 or placebo in this 12-week dose-ranging study were similar: mean age 55.9 years, A1C 8.1% (65 mmol/mol), BMI 33.1 kg/m(2), and BP 124/79 mmHg. LX4211 significantly reduced A1C to week 12 in a dose-dependent manner by 0.42% (4.6 mmol/mol), 0.52% (5.7 mmol/mol), 0.80% (8.7 mmol/mol), and 0.92% (10.0 mmol/mol), respectively (P < 0.001 each), compared with 0.09% (1.0 mmol/mol) for placebo. Greater A1C reductions were produced by 400 mg once a day than 200 mg once a day LX4211 without higher urinary glucose excretion, suggesting a contribution of SGLT1 inhibition. Significant reductions were seen in body weight (-1.85 kg; P < 0.001) and systolic BP (-5.7 mmHg; P < 0.001), but diastolic BP was unchanged (-1.6; P = 0.164). Adverse events with LX4211 were mild to moderate and similar to placebo, including urinary tract infections and gastrointestinal-related events; genital infections were limited to LX4211 groups (0-5.0%). No hypoglycemia occurred.
Conclusions: Dual inhibition of SGLT1/SGLT2 with LX4211 produced significant dose-ranging improvements in glucose control without dose-increasing glucosuria and was associated with reductions in weight and systolic BP in metformin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01376557.
© 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.