Background: The precise etiology of rotator cuff disease is unknown, but prior evidence suggests a role for genetic factors. Variants of estrogen-related receptor-β (ESRRB) have been previously associated with rotator cuff disease. The purpose of the present study was to confirm the association between multiple candidate genes, including ESRRB, and rotator cuff disease in an independent set of patients with rotator cuff tear.
Materials and methods: The Illumina 5M (Illumina Inc, San Diego, CA, USA) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) platform was used to genotype 175 patients with rotator cuff tear. Genotypes were used to select a set of 2595 genetically matched Caucasian controls available from the Illumina iControls database. Tests of association were performed with Genome-wide Efficient Mixed Model Association (GEMMA) software at 69 SNPs that fell within 20 kb of 6 candidate genes (DEFB1, DENND2C, ESRRB, FGF3, FGF10, and FGFR1).
Results: Tests of association revealed 1 significantly associated SNP occurring in ESRRB (rs17583842; P = 4.4E-4). Another SNP within ESRRB (rs7157192) had a nominal P value of 7.8E-3. FastPHASE software estimated 2 frequent haplotypes among 54 individuals who carried both risk alleles at these 2 SNPs. The first haplotype had a frequency of 13.9% (n = 15) in risk-allele carriers and only 2.2% in controls (odds ratio, 6.9; 95% confidence interval, 3.9-2.2). The second haplotype had a frequency of 12.9% in risk-allele carriers and only 2.7% in controls (odds ratio, 5.3; 95% confidence interval, 3.0-9.5).
Conclusions: The significant association and the presence of high-risk haplotypes identified in the ESRRB gene confirm the association of variants in ESRRB and rotator cuff disease.
Keywords: ESRRB; Rotator cuff disease; confirmation study; genetic association.
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