Acceptability and Cultural Appropriateness of Self-Help Booklets for Relapse Prevention in Puerto Rico

J Cancer Educ. 2015 Sep;30(3):585-92. doi: 10.1007/s13187-014-0729-4.


Cigarette smoking is associated with a range of cancers and is related to five of seven leading causes of death in Puerto Rico. Minimal self-help interventions have shown promising results in reaching participants and preventing relapse from smoking. Specifically, a collection of eight self-help booklets has demonstrated efficacy (Brandon et al., 2000; 2004). Those booklets have been transcreated into Spanish, with efforts to make them culturally appropriate across a range of Hispanic cultures. We conducted a pilot study in Ponce, Puerto Rico, to evaluate the Spanish version of our smoking relapse-prevention booklets. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 current and former smokers. Interviews were conducted to elicit feedback regarding the booklet's content, cultural appropriateness, dissemination, and perceived availability of smoking cessation resources in Puerto Rico. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were coded using content analysis, with a priori codes based on the interview guide. Emergent themes were examined. Overall, participants liked the booklets' content, perceived them to be culturally appropriate, easy to read and understand. Regarding dissemination, it was recommended that the booklets be disseminated by physicians and advertised through television. Most importantly, participants reported the best way to distribute and complement the booklets would be through support groups. Participants also reported having limited knowledge about resources provided in the community to aid smoking cessation. Overall, this pilot study was able to show the cultural acceptability of the booklets and highlights the need for the dissemination of these materials among current and former smokers in Puerto Rico.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cultural Competency
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pamphlets*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Puerto Rico
  • Secondary Prevention / methods*
  • Smoking Cessation / ethnology
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Socioeconomic Factors