Gait characteristic analysis and identification based on the iPhone's accelerometer and gyrometer

Sensors (Basel). 2014 Sep 12;14(9):17037-54. doi: 10.3390/s140917037.


Gait identification is a valuable approach to identify humans at a distance. In this paper, gait characteristics are analyzed based on an iPhone's accelerometer and gyrometer,and a new approach is proposed for gait identification. Specifically, gait datasets are collected by the triaxial accelerometer and gyrometer embedded in an iPhone. Then, the datasets are processed to extract gait characteristic parameters which include gait frequency, symmetry coefficient, dynamic range and similarity coefficient of characteristic curves. Finally, a weighted voting scheme dependent upon the gait characteristic parameters is proposed forgait identification. Four experiments are implemented to validate the proposed scheme. The attitude and acceleration solutions are verified by simulation. Then the gait characteristics are analyzed by comparing two sets of actual data, and the performance of the weighted voting identification scheme is verified by 40 datasets of 10 subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry / instrumentation
  • Accelerometry / methods*
  • Algorithms*
  • Cell Phone*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Computers, Handheld*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / instrumentation
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods*
  • User-Computer Interface