Identifying and mitigating bias in next-generation sequencing methods for chromatin biology

Nat Rev Genet. 2014 Nov;15(11):709-21. doi: 10.1038/nrg3788. Epub 2014 Sep 16.


Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have been used in diverse ways to investigate various aspects of chromatin biology by identifying genomic loci that are bound by transcription factors, occupied by nucleosomes or accessible to nuclease cleavage, or loci that physically interact with remote genomic loci. However, reaching sound biological conclusions from such NGS enrichment profiles requires many potential biases to be taken into account. In this Review, we discuss common ways in which biases may be introduced into NGS chromatin profiling data, approaches to diagnose these biases and analytical techniques to mitigate their effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artifacts
  • Bias
  • Chromatin / genetics*
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation / methods
  • Genetic Loci / genetics
  • Genomics*
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing / methods*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods


  • Chromatin