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Review
. Nov-Dec 2014;58(6):395-406.
doi: 10.1016/j.recot.2014.05.009. Epub 2014 Sep 12.

[Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in Children and Adolescents]

[Article in Spanish]
Affiliations
Review

[Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in Children and Adolescents]

[Article in Spanish]
A Mora-de Sambricio et al. Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol. .

Abstract

Low back pain is a common cause of lost playing time in young athletes, and spondylolysis is its most common identifiable cause. Despite technological advances in radiology, which can lead to an early diagnosis with better prognosis, progression to spondylolisthesis is sometimes asymptomatic and may not be detected until late stages. There are wide variations, suggesting lack of consensus as regards the objective of treatment, which consists of clinical, radiological, biomechanical or functional improvement. There is also a lack of agreement regarding the ideal conservative treatment, surgical indications and need of slip reduction, and most of the established recommendations are not evidence based. We present a review of literature, which summarizes the current knowledge of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in children and adolescents.

Keywords: Balance sagital; Dolor lumbar; Espondilolisis; Espondilolistesis; Fusión in situ; In situ fusion; Low back pain; Reducción; Reduction; Sagittal balance; Spondylolisthesis; Spondylolysis.

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