Coronary angioplasty as primary therapy for acute myocardial infarction 6 to 48 hours after symptom onset: report of an initial experience

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 Apr;13(5):1122-6. doi: 10.1016/0735-1097(89)90272-6.


Recent randomized trials in acute myocardial infarction suggest that infarct size reduction need not be achieved for intravenous streptokinase to improve patient survival. If this is the case, attempts to achieve late revascularization may be justified. To assess the results of late primary coronary angioplasty performed in the setting of acute myocardial infarction, the clinical and angiographic data as well as hospital outcome of 139 consecutive patients treated with coronary angioplasty without prior thrombolytic therapy 6 to 48 h after the onset of chest pain (late group) were compared with those of 117 patients treated with primary angioplasty less than 6 h after the onset of chest pain (early group); time to angioplasty was assessed as a covariate of survival. In the 139 patients treated greater than or equal to 6 h after the onset of chest pain, the mean age (+/- SD) was 57 +/- 12 years and the median time to angioplasty was 15 h; 61% had multivessel disease, 14% were in cardiogenic shock and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 44 +/- 12%. Angioplasty was successful (final diameter stenosis less than 70% and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] flow grade greater than or equal to 2) in 78% of patients. Successful angioplasty was associated with a 5.5% in-hospital mortality rate, whereas unsuccessful angioplasty was associated with a 43% hospital mortality rate (p less than 0.001). Multivariate testing in all patients identified four independent predictors of in-hospital death: cardiogenic shock (p less than 0.001), unsuccessful angioplasty (p = 0.001), ejection fraction less than or equal to 30% (p = 0.002) and patient age (p = 0.004).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon*
  • Cause of Death
  • Coronary Vessels*
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / complications
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Pain / etiology
  • Thorax
  • Time Factors