Objective: To directly compare the diagnostic performance of targeted MRI-guided biopsy (MR-GB) and systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-GB).
Methods: Thirty-five patients with at least one negative TRUS-GB, persistently elevated or rising prostate-specific antigen and a lesion suspicious for prostate cancer (PC) on multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) scored by using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) were included. A median of three targeted biopsies per lesion were obtained and systematic TRUS-GB was performed subsequently by an independent urologist without knowledge of the MRI findings. Definite pathology reports were analyzed for anatomical location and criteria of clinical significance.
Results: The tumor detection rate was significantly higher with MR-GB compared with TRUS-GB (16/35, 46% and 8/35, 23%, respectively, p < 0.05). MR-GB detected PC in all patients with positive TRUS-GB. All tumors detected by MR-GB exhibited at least one criterion of clinical significance. PC lesions showed a significantly higher PI-RADS sum score compared with benign lesions.
Conclusions: MR-GB is more effective compared with TRUS-GB in detecting clinically significant PC in men after previous negative TRUS-GB. PI-RADS scores give additional information and could be part of the decision-making process when considering retrial biopsy. Additional systematic biopsy can be omitted in patients undergoing targeted MR-GB.
2014 S. Karger AG, Basel