Implications for patient triage from survival and left ventricular functional recovery analyses in 500 patients treated with coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 May;13(6):1251-9. doi: 10.1016/0735-1097(89)90296-9.


The in-hospital course of 500 consecutive patients treated with coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction was reviewed in relation to their clinical and angiographic presentation and angioplasty outcome to determine which patients benefit most from successful angioplasty in this setting. Patient age was 56 +/- 11 years (mean +/- SD) and 78% were men; 46% had anterior myocardial infarction, 49% received concomitant intravenous thrombolytic therapy, left ventricular ejection fraction was 47 +/- 11% and median time to angioplasty was 4.7 h (range 1 to 24). Angioplasty was successful in 78% of patients and partially successful in 7% of patients; the overall in-hospital mortality rate was 10.2%. Multivariate analysis found six independent correlates (p less than 0.05) of in-hospital mortality: left ventricular ejection fraction less than or equal to 30%, lack of postangioplasty infarct artery patency, age greater than 65 years, recurrent ischemia after successful angioplasty, emergency bypass surgery and arterial pressure on admission to the catheterization laboratory less than 100 mm Hg. After consideration of these predictors of survival in multivariate analyses, angioplasty success still was independently correlated with improved in-hospital survival for patients with cardiogenic shock (p = 0.002) and anterior myocardial infarction (p = 0.007). A trend toward an independent beneficial effect of successful angioplasty on survival was also noted in patients with inferior wall infarction and precordial ST segment depression (p = 0.063) and for all patients who were hypotensive on admission to the catheterization laboratory, regardless of the infarct site (p = 0.057).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon / mortality*
  • Coronary Vessels
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality*
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy
  • Myocardial Reperfusion / mortality
  • Prospective Studies
  • Shock, Cardiogenic / mortality
  • Shock, Cardiogenic / therapy
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Stroke Volume*
  • Triage*