Introduction: Repair of hiatal hernias has been performed traditionally via open laparotomy or thoracotomy. Since first laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in 1992, this method had a growing popularity and today it is the standard approach in experienced centers specialized for minimally invasive surgery.
Objective: In the current study we present our experience after 200 consecutive laparoscopic hiatal hernia repairs.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study included 200 patients who underwent elective laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair at the Department for Minimally Invasive Upper Digestive Surgery, Clinic for Digestive Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia in Belgrade from April 2004 to December 2013.
Results: Hiatal hernia types included 108(54%) patients with type 1, 30 (15%) with type III, 62 (31%) with giant paraesophageal hernia, while 27 (13.5%) patients presented with a chronic gastric volvulus. There were a total of 154 (77%) Nissen fundoplications. In 26 (13%) cases Nissen procedure was combined with esophageal lengthening procedure (Collis-Nissen), and in 17 (8.5%) Toupet fundoplications was performed. Primary retroesophageal crural repair was performed in 164 (82%) cases, Cleveland Clinic Foundation suture modification in 27 (13.5%), 4 (2%) patients underwent synthetic mesh hiatoplasty, 1 (0.5%) primary repair reinforced with pledgets, and 4 (2%) autologous fascia lata graft reinforcement. Poor result with anatomic and symptomatic recurrence (indication for revisional surgery) was detected in 5 patients (2.7%).
Conclusion: Based on the result analysis, we found that laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair was a technically challenging but feasible technique, associated with good to excellent postoperative outcomes comparable to the best open surgery series.