Determination of toxic heavy metals and speciation of arsenic in seaweeds from South Korea

Food Chem. 2015 Feb 15;169:464-70. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.08.020. Epub 2014 Aug 14.


This study aimed at determining the levels of toxic heavy metals including As, Pb, Cd, Al, Hg and As species, such as, As-III, As-V, MMA, DMA, AsB, and AsC in various edible species of seaweeds from South Korea. ICP-MS was used for determination of As, Pb and Cd, ICP-OES was used for Al, DMA was used for Hg, and LC-ICP-MS was used for As speciation. The analytical methods were validated by linearity, detection limits, precision, accuracy and recovery experiments, obtaining satisfactory results in all cases. From the results toxic heavy metals were found in the decreasing order of: Al>As>Pb-Cd>Hg. Generally concentrations of all analysed heavy metals and both organic and inorganic species of As were very low compared to PTWIs specified by JECFA and EC. Their contribution to the overall intake by the subject seafoods was found very low and thus would not pose any threat to consumers.

Keywords: As speciation; ICP-MS; ICP-OESLC-ICP-MS; Seaweeds; Toxic heavy metals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arsenic / analysis*
  • Calibration
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Limit of Detection
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Mercury / analysis
  • Metals, Heavy / analysis*
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Republic of Korea
  • Seafood / analysis
  • Seaweed / chemistry*


  • Metals, Heavy
  • Mercury
  • Arsenic