Objective: Bavituximab is a phosphatidylserine (PS)-targeting monoclonal antibody with immune-modulating and tumor-specific vascular targeting properties. Preclinical studies have shown activity against numerous solid tumors and at least an additive effect in combination with chemotherapy. This study evaluated bavituximab in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin in patients with previously untreated, locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Patients and methods: This phase II, open-label study (NCT00687817) was conducted in 49 patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC utilizing a Simon two-stage design. Patients were treated with up to six cycles of carboplatin area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) 5 plus paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 every 21 days with weekly bavituximab 3 mg/kg followed by bavituximab monotherapy until progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Results: The primary efficacy endpoint of overall response rate (ORR) was 40.8% (complete response [CR] 2.0%, partial response [PR] was 38.8%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.0 and 12.4 months, respectively. Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) occurred in 40.8% of patients. The most common treatment-related AEs were anemia (10.2%), asthenia, vomiting, paresthesia, anorexia, and fatigue (6.1% each). One patient with a central, cavitating squamous tumor developed fatal hemoptysis and aspiration.
Conclusion: Bavituximab in combination with paclitaxel-carboplatin as first-line therapy demonstrated a tolerable safety profile and potential efficacy in this single-arm phase II trial in patients with advanced local or metastatic NSCLC. Randomized trials with this regimen are in progress.
Clinicaltrialsgov identifier: NCT00687817.
Keywords: Bavituximab; Carboplatin; Immune modulation; Monoclonal antibody; Non-small-cell lung cancer; Paclitaxel; Phosphatidylserine.
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