Rationale and design of the Canadian Outcomes Registry Late After Tetralogy of Fallot Repair: the CORRELATE study

Can J Cardiol. 2014 Nov;30(11):1436-43. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2014.06.011. Epub 2014 Jun 24.


Background: Chronic hemodynamically relevant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) resulting in important right ventricular dilation and ventricular dysfunction is commonly seen after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. Late adverse clinical outcomes, including exercise intolerance, arrhythmias, heart failure and/or death accelerate in the third decade of life and are cause for considerable concern. Timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) to address chronic PR is controversial, particularly in asymptomatic individuals, and effect of PVR on clinical measures has not been determined.

Methods: Canadian Outcomes Registry Late After Tetralogy of Fallot Repair (CORRELATE) is a prospective, multicentre, Canada-wide cohort study. Candidates will be included if they are ≥ 12 years of age, have had surgically repaired TOF resulting in moderate or severe PR, and are able to undergo cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. Enrollment of > 1000 individuals from 15 participating centres (Toronto, Montreal, Quebec City, Sherbrooke, Halifax, Calgary, Edmonton, and Vancouver) is anticipated. Clinical data, health-related quality of life metrics, and adverse outcomes will be entered into a web-based database. A central core lab will analyze all cardiovascular magnetic resonance studies (PR severity, right ventricular volumes, and ventricular function). Major adverse outcomes (sustained ventricular tachycardia and cardiovascular cause of death) will be centrally adjudicated.

Results: To the best of our knowledge, CORRELATE will be the first prospective pan-Canadian cohort study of congenital heart disease in children and adults.

Conclusions: CORRELATE will uniquely link clinical, imaging, and functional data in those with repaired TOF and important PR, thereby enabling critical evaluation of clinically relevant outcomes in those managed conservatively compared with those referred for PVR.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency / diagnosis
  • Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency / epidemiology*
  • Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency / etiology
  • Quality of Life
  • Registries*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Tetralogy of Fallot / surgery*
  • Time Factors
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*