β-Lactoglobulin (βlg) is the most abundant whey protein in the milks of ruminant animals. While bovine βlg has been subjected to a vast array of studies, little is known about the caprine ortholog. We present an ultra-high resolution crystal structure of caprine βlg complemented by analytical ultracentrifugation and small-angle X-ray scattering data. In both solution and crystalline states caprine βlg is dimeric (K(D)<5 μM); however, our data suggest a flexible quaternary arrangement of subunits within the dimer. These structural findings will provide insight into relationships among structural, processing, nutritional and immunological characteristics that distinguish cow's and goat's milk.
Keywords: Analytical ultracentrifugation; Caprine; Goat; Milk whey; Small-angle X-ray scattering; Ultra-high resolution structure.
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