Prevalence of type D personality and factorial and temporal stability of the DS14 after myocardial infarction in a Swedish population

Scand J Psychol. 2014 Dec;55(6):601-10. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12162. Epub 2014 Sep 22.


This study examined the prevalence of Type D personality and the temporal stability, internal consistency, and construct validity of the DS14 at three time points after myocardial infarction. The prevalence was 14.0% during hospitalization, 25.1% at 1 month, and 19.2% at 12 months. A total of 6.1% of the patients were classified as Type D personality at all three assessments, whereas 68.4% were stable non-Type D and 25.6% changed between personality classifications. The DS14 had stable structural validity, but low temporal stability over time, especially from hospitalization to the 1-month and 12-month follow-ups (κ = 0.365 and 0.397, respectively).

Keywords: Myocardial infarction; Type D personality; personality; prevalence; stability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / psychology*
  • Personality Assessment
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden
  • Type D Personality*