Children with Chronic Lung Disease: Facilitating Smoking Cessation for their Caregivers

J Community Health. 2015 Jun;40(3):409-13. doi: 10.1007/s10900-014-9947-2.


Through a QI project at a tertiary referral pediatric pulmonary center, our objective was to establish a methodical approach to identify and engage smoking parents of children with chronic lung disease in a smoking cessation program. We hypothesized that smoking caregivers of children with chronic lung disease would be more motivated to enroll in a smoking cessation program when referred from tertiary pediatric pulmonary center. We assessed smoking habits and interest in quitting of parents with surveys. Parents ready to quit within 30 days were referred to the Florida Quitline from clinic. Pulmonary function tests, exacerbations, hospitalizations and need for prednisone or antibiotics were obtained from the patient charts and surveys. Follow-up two to 6 months later assessed the quit rate and child's clinical well-being and lung function. A standard mechanism to identify caregivers who smoked was established by engaging our medical assistants through a prompt in our EMR system. Out of those caregivers who were identified as smokers and accompanied their children to clinic, 52% were interested in a referral to the Florida Quitline. Out of those, only 12% successfully completed the program and ceased to smoke. The Florida Quitline was unable to reach the majority of parents who were referred to them. The majority of those referred to the Ouitline were not successfully contacted or enrolled in the program. The current procedure for referring and enrolling individuals to the Quitline is not effective for our population, but compares to the national average.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage
  • Adult
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Caregivers
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • Hotlines
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intention
  • Lung Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parents*
  • Referral and Consultation / organization & administration*
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control*
  • Young Adult


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution