Proximal shift of colorectal cancer along with aging

Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2014 Dec;13(4):213-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clcc.2014.06.005. Epub 2014 Aug 15.


Introduction: Although several reports have documented the increased incidence of right-sided colorectal cancer (CRC) in the elderly, especially in women, the gender-specific, age-related changes in the characteristics of CRCs, especially related to the cancer localization, have not been fully investigated. This study evaluated the age-related changes in the clinicopathologic features of CRCs, according to the gender.

Materials and methods: A total of 1059 consecutive patients with CRCs who were admitted to the authors' surgical department between February 2005 and June 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into male (n = 632) and female (n = 427) groups and then according to the age group, and the correlation between the age group and the other clinicopathologic features was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.

Results: The number of concomitant adenomas found was significantly increased along with increasing age in men, and the presence of concomitant adenoma was the only independent age-related factor of male CRC in the multivariate analysis (P = .0044). In contrast, in women, the location of the CRC progressively shifted to the right side (proximal colon) with increasing age, and the presence of right-sided CRC was the only independent factor of female CRC in the multivariate analysis (P < .0001).

Conclusion: There was a significant gender-specific difference in the age-related changes in the characteristics of CRC. Increasing the number of concomitant adenomas and the shift of CRC localization to the proximal colon were the gender-specific characteristics of male and female CRC, respectively.

Keywords: Adenoma; Elderly; Gender; Proximal colon.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary*
  • Adenoma / pathology*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors