Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 94 (5), 945-62, vii

Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Early Detection of Melanoma


Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Early Detection of Melanoma

Saïd C Azoury et al. Surg Clin North Am.


The incidence of melanoma has increased over the past several decades. Despite improved case mortality, overall deaths from melanoma have increased because of the large increase in incidence. Although we have a better understanding of the pathogenesis of melanoma and improved early diagnostic capabilities, the burden of disease and societal costs remain high. This article provides an update on the epidemiology of cutaneous melanoma worldwide and the common risk factors including heritable and modifiable risks, emphasizing the importance of education, early detection, and prevention in reducing the disease burden.

Keywords: Early detection; Epidemiology; Melanoma; Prevention; Risk factors; Screening.

Similar articles

  • Melanoma Epidemiology of Austria Reveals Gender-Related Differences
    N Duschek et al. Eur J Dermatol 23 (6), 872-8. PMID 24184485.
    In Austria, melanoma epidemiology showed gender-specific differences. Efforts in early detection need to be increased in elderly men. As shown in the female population, a …
  • Emerging Trends in the Epidemiology of Melanoma
    V Nikolaou et al. Br J Dermatol 170 (1), 11-9. PMID 23815297. - Review
    Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is one of the most rapidly growing cancers worldwide, with a consistent increase in incidence among white populations over the past four decades. …
  • Sunbed Use and Cutaneous Melanoma in Norway
    JE Moan et al. Scand J Public Health 41 (8), 812-7. PMID 23907734.
    CM incidence is decreasing while sunbed use is increasing in younger age groups. The present data indicate that more work needs to be done before one can know whether the …
  • [Epidemiology and Prevention of Melanoma]
    JJ Grob et al. Rev Prat 54 (11), 1181-6. PMID 15496024. - Review
    Melanoma incidence and mortality are still increasing, but new leveling-off and even decreasing trends are detected in young women generations in a few countries, where i …
  • The Control of Melanoma in New Zealand
    M Sneyd et al. N Z Med J 119 (1242), U2169. PMID 16998570.
    The best avenues for reducing the burden of melanoma in New Zealand are prevention of excessive sun exposure and early diagnosis. Reducing severe sunburn and diagnosing a …
See all similar articles

Cited by 18 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

MeSH terms