Effects of inspiratory muscle training on resistance to fatigue of respiratory muscles during exhaustive exercise

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2015;840:35-43. doi: 10.1007/5584_2014_20.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on resistance to fatigue of the diaphragm (D), parasternal (PS), sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and scalene (SC) muscles in healthy humans during exhaustive exercise. Daily inspiratory muscle strength training was performed for 3 weeks in 10 male subjects (at a pressure threshold load of 60% of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) for the first week, 70% of MIP for the second week, and 80% of MIP for the third week). Before and after training, subjects performed an incremental cycle test to exhaustion. Maximal inspiratory pressure and EMG-analysis served as indices of inspiratory muscle fatigue assessment. The before-to-after exercise decreases in MIP and centroid frequency (fc) of the EMG (D, PS, SCM, and SC) power spectrum (P<0.05) were observed in all subjects before the IMT intervention. Such changes were absent after the IMT. The study found that in healthy subjects, IMT results in significant increase in MIP (+18%), a delay of inspiratory muscle fatigue during exhaustive exercise, and a significant improvement in maximal work performance. We conclude that the IMT elicits resistance to the development of inspiratory muscles fatigue during high-intensity exercise.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Breathing Exercises / methods*
  • Electromyography
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise Test
  • Humans
  • Inhalation / physiology*
  • Male
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
  • Physical Endurance / physiology*
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Respiratory Muscles / physiology*
  • Young Adult