Measurement of post-void residual urine

Neurourol Urodyn. 2016 Jan;35(1):55-7. doi: 10.1002/nau.22671. Epub 2014 Sep 22.


Aims: To present the teaching module "Measurement of Post-void residual urine."

Methods: This module has been prepared by a Working Group of the ICS Urodynamics Committee. The methodology used included comprehensive literature review, consensus formation by the members of the Working Group, and review by members of the ICS Urodynamics Committee core panel.

Results: In this ICS teaching module the evidence for and relevance of PVR measurement in patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is summarized; in short: The interval between voiding and post-void residual (PVR) measurement should be of short duration and ultrasound bladder volume measurement is preferred to urethral catheterization. There is no universally accepted definition of a significant residual urine volume. Large PVR (>200-300 ml) may indicate marked bladder dysfunction and may predispose to unsatisfactory treatment results if for example, invasive treatment for bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) is undertaken. PVR does not seem to be a strong predictor of acute urinary retention and does not indicate presence of BOO specifically. Although the evidence base is limited, guidelines on assessment of LUTS generally include PVR measurement.

Conclusion: Measurement of PVR is recommended in guidelines and recommendations on the management of LUTS and urinary incontinence, but the level of evidence for this measurement is not high. This manuscript summarizes the evidence and provides practice recommendations for teaching purposes in the framework of an ICS teaching module.

Keywords: bladder outlet obstruction; measurement; post-void residual urine; urinary incontinence; urinary tract infections; urodynamics.

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Techniques, Urological
  • Humans
  • Urinary Bladder / physiopathology*
  • Urinary Incontinence / diagnosis*
  • Urinary Incontinence / physiopathology
  • Urinary Retention / diagnosis*
  • Urinary Retention / physiopathology
  • Urination / physiology*
  • Urodynamics / physiology*