Full genomic characterization of a novel genotype combination, G4P[14], of a human rotavirus strain from Barbados

Infect Genet Evol. 2014 Dec;28:524-9. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.09.020. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

Abstract

Since 2004, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has carried out rotavirus surveillance in Latin America and the Caribbean. Here we report the characterization of human rotavirus with the novel G-P combination of G4P[14], detected through PAHO surveillance in Barbados. Full genome sequencing of strain RVA/Human-wt/BRB/CDC1133/2012/G4P[14] revealed that its genotype is G4-P[14]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A8-N1-T1-E1-H1. The possession of a Genogroup 1 (Wa-like) backbone distinguishes this strain from other P[14] rotavirus strains. Phylogenetic analyses suggested that this strain was likely generated by genetic reassortment between human, porcine and possibly other animal rotavirus strains and identified 7 lineages within the P[14] genotype. The results of this study reinforce the potential role of interspecies transmission in generating human rotavirus diversity through reassortment. Continued surveillance is important to determine if rotavirus vaccines will protect against strains that express the P[14] rotavirus genotype.

Keywords: Human; P[14]; Porcine; Reassortment; Rotavirus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Barbados / epidemiology
  • Genome, Viral*
  • Genotype*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Reassortant Viruses*
  • Rotavirus / classification*
  • Rotavirus / genetics*
  • Rotavirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Rotavirus Infections / virology*
  • Viral Proteins / genetics

Substances

  • Viral Proteins