Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Europe. One of the candidate molecule affecting epigenetic mechanisms of CVD is the SIRT1, a subclass of sirtuins, is located on the long arm of chromosome 10 (10q21.3). Particularly, the relation between 2827 A>G polymorphism of the SIRT1 positioned on exon 2, leading to conversion of histidine to arginine, and the formation of CVD is not known yet. One of the activator of SIRT1, resveratrol, is also known as a cardioprotective molecule. On the other hand, the parameters including exercise, occupation and age affect CVD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the rs144124002 (2827 A>G) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of SIRT1 and exercise-occupation-age parameters on CVD.
Methods: SNP of SIRT1 were analyzed using DNA isolation, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism. To do so, large cohorts of CVD patients (n=293) and healthy controls (n=117) who directed Cardiology Department of Bezmialem Vakıf University, Bezmialem Vakıf University Hospital were used.
Results: In this study, when we assessed CVD and control groups about 2827 A>G polymorphism, all individuals were determined as homozygous genotype. We found a positive effect between the modifications of resveratrol, exercise, age and occupation and CVD (OR=0.17; CI 95%, 0.1-0.2; p ≤ 0.001).
Conclusion: This is the first study demonstrating the correlation between the SIRT1 rs144124002 polymorphism and CVD in Turkish population.