Video Gaming Disorder and Sport and Exercise in Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study

Behav Med. 2016;42(2):105-11. doi: 10.1080/08964289.2014.965127. Epub 2015 Jan 29.


Among the negative consequences of video gaming disorder, decreased participation in sport and exercise has received little attention. This study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between video gaming disorder and the level of sport and exercise in emerging adult men. A questionnaire was completed at baseline and 15-month follow-up by a representative national sample of 4,933 respondents. The seven items of the Game Addiction Scale were used to construct a latent variable representing video gaming disorder. Level of sport and exercise was also self-reported. Cross-lagged path modeling indicated a reciprocal causality between video gaming disorder and the level of sport and exercise, even after adjusting for a large set of confounders. These findings support the need for better promotion of sport and exercise among emerging adults in order to contribute to the prevention of video gaming disorder, and to raise the level of sport and exercise activity in addicted gamers.

Keywords: emerging adulthood; longitudinal survey; sport and exercise; video gaming disorder.

MeSH terms

  • Behavior, Addictive / psychology*
  • Exercise / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Self Report
  • Sports / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Video Games / adverse effects*
  • Video Games / psychology*
  • Young Adult