Endoscopic ultrasound-guided placement of plastic vs. biflanged metal stents for therapy of walled-off necrosis: a retrospective single-center series

Endoscopy. 2015 Jan;47(1):47-55. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1377966. Epub 2014 Sep 29.


Background and study aims: Recently, a novel fully covered and biflanged metal stent (BFMS)dedicated to the drainage of walled-off necrosis(WON) was developed. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the safety, efficacy, and cost performance of drainage of WON using the novel BFMS compared with a traditional plastic stent.

Patients and methods: A total of 70 patients with symptomatic WON were treated under endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance. Initial drainage was conducted using the single gateway technique with placement of one or more plastic stents or a single BFMS.If drainage was unsuccessful,direct endoscopic necrosectomy (DEN)was performed.

Results: There were no statistically significant differences in rates of technical success, clinical success,and adverse events between plastics stents and BFMS, despite the size of WON in the BFMS group being significantly larger than that in the plastic stent group (105.6 vs. 77.1 mm; P=0.003).The mean procedure times for the first EUS-guided drainage and for re-intervention were significantly shorter in the BFMS group than in the plastic stent group (28.8±7.1 vs. 42.6±14.2, respectively,for drainage, P<0.001; and 34.9±8.5 vs.41.8±7.6, respectively, for re-intervention, P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the total cost between plastic stent and BFMS use in the treatment of WON ($5352vs. $6274; P=0.25).

Conclusions: Plastic stents and BFMS were safe and effective for the treatment of WON. In particular,BFMS placement appeared to be preferable for initial EUS-guided drainage and additional reintervention(e.g. DEN) as it reduced the procedure time. Prospective randomized controlled trials are warranted.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Drainage / economics
  • Drainage / instrumentation*
  • Drainage / methods
  • Endosonography*
  • Female
  • Hospital Costs
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Metals / economics
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing / diagnostic imaging
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing / economics
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing / therapy*
  • Plastics / economics
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents* / economics
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional*


  • Metals
  • Plastics