Aims: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of subcutaneous peginterferon beta-1a in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) in the phase 3 ADVANCE study (n = 1512).
Methods: During year 1, patients were randomized (1:1:1) to placebo or peginterferon beta-1a 125 μg every 2 or 4 weeks. After year 1, patients randomized to placebo were re-randomized to 125 μg peginterferon beta-1a administered every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks for year 2. Patients randomized to peginterferon beta-1a in year 1 remained on the same dosing regimen in year 2. Intensive blood samples for PK and PD (neopterin elevation; a biomarker of pharmacological activity induced by interferon beta-1a) measurements were collected from 44 patients pre-dosing and at intervals over 240 h post-dosing at weeks 4 and 24. Sparse samples were collected from all patients after each dosing at weeks 4, 12, 24, 56 and 84.
Results: The PK profile of peginterferon beta-1a did not change over time or between dosing regimens. No accumulation was observed. Peak serum concentrations were reached 1-1.5 days post-dosing, with a mono-phasic decline and a median half-life of approximately 2-3 days. Dosing every 2 weeks provided approximately two-fold greater monthly cumulative area under the curve than every 4 weeks. Neopterin elevation was sustained for 10-14 days following each dose, indicating doubled cumulative duration of pharmacological activity for dosing every 2 weeks vs. every 4 weeks.
Conclusions: These PK/PD profiles potentially explain the enhanced efficacy of dosing every 2 weeks in patients with RRMS.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00906399.
Keywords: interferon beta-1a; multiple sclerosis; pegylation.
© 2014 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The British Pharmacological Society.