Contraception for adolescents

Pediatrics. 2014 Oct;134(4):e1257-81. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-2300.


A working knowledge of contraception will assist the pediatrician in both sexual health promotion as well as treatment of common adolescent gynecologic problems. Best practices in adolescent anticipatory guidance and screening include a sexual health history, screening for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, counseling, and if indicated, providing access to contraceptives. Pediatricians' long-term relationships with adolescents and families allow them to help promote healthy sexual decision-making, including abstinence and contraceptive use. Additionally, medical indications for contraception, such as acne, dysmenorrhea, and heavy menstrual bleeding, are frequently uncovered during adolescent visits. This technical report provides an evidence base for the accompanying policy statement and addresses key aspects of adolescent contraceptive use, including the following: (1) sexual history taking, confidentiality, and counseling; (2) adolescent data on the use and side effects of newer contraceptive methods; (3) new data on older contraceptive methods; and (4) evidence supporting the use of contraceptives in adolescent patients with complex medical conditions.

Keywords: adolescent; birth control; contraception; contraceptive implant; contraceptive injection; intrauterine device; oral contraceptive pills.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior* / psychology
  • Contraception / methods
  • Contraception / psychology
  • Contraception / standards*
  • Counseling / methods
  • Counseling / standards
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Pediatrics / standards
  • Pregnancy
  • Research Report / standards*
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology
  • Societies, Medical / standards