Association between Diet and Lifestyle Habits and Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case-Control Study

Gut Liver. 2015 Sep 23;9(5):649-56. doi: 10.5009/gnl13437.


Background/aims: Recent papers have highlighted the role of diet and lifestyle habits in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but very few population-based studies have evaluated this association in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between diet and lifestyle habits and IBS.

Methods: A food frequency and lifestyle habits questionnaire was used to record the diet and lifestyle habits of 78 IBS subjects and 79 healthy subjects. Cross-tabulation analysis and logistic regression were used to reveal any association among lifestyle habits, eating habits, food consumption frequency, and other associated conditions.

Results: The results from logistic regression analysis indicated that IBS was associated with irregular eating (odds ratio [OR], 3.257), physical inactivity (OR, 3.588), and good quality sleep (OR, 0.132). IBS subjects ate fruit (OR, 3.082) vegetables (OR, 3.778), and legumes (OR, 2.111) and drank tea (OR, 2.221) significantly more frequently than the control subjects. After adjusting for age and sex, irregular eating (OR, 3.963), physical inactivity (OR, 6.297), eating vegetables (OR, 7.904), legumes (OR, 2.674), drinking tea (OR, 3.421) and good quality sleep (OR, 0.054) were independent predictors of IBS.

Conclusions: This study reveals a possible association between diet and lifestyle habits and IBS.

Keywords: Diet habits; Food; Irritable bowel syndrome; Life style; Odds ratio.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • China
  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Humans
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome / etiology*
  • Life Style*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Surveys and Questionnaires