Expression of XPG protein in the development, progression and prognosis of gastric cancer

PLoS One. 2014 Sep 30;9(9):e108704. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108704. eCollection 2014.


Background: Xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XPG) plays a critical role in preventing cells from oxidative DNA damage. This study aimed to investigate XPG protein expression in different gastric tissues and in patients with diverse prognoses, thus providing insights into its role in the development, progression and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC).

Methods: A total of 176 GC, 131 adjacent non-tumour tissues, 53 atrophic gastritis (AG) and 49 superficial gastritis (SG) samples were included. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect XPG protein expression.

Results: XPG expression was significantly higher in GC tissues compared with adjacent non-tumour tissues. In the progressive disease sequence SG→AG→GC, XPG expression was significantly higher in AG and GC compared with SG. Analysis of clinicopathological parameters and survival in GC patients demonstrated a significant association between XPG expression level and depth of tumour invasion, macroscopic type, Lauren's classification, smoking, Helicobacter pylori infection and family history. Cox multivariate survival analysis indicated that patients with positive XPG expression had significantly longer overall survival (P = 0.020, HR = 0.394, 95%CI 0.179-0.866), especially in aged younger than 60 years (P = 0.027, HR = 0.361, 95%CI 0.147-0.888) and male patients (P = 0.002, HR = 0.209, 95%CI 0.077-0.571).

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that XPG protein expression was related to the development, progression and prognosis of GC, and might thus serve as a potential biomarker for its diagnosis and prognosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Gastric Mucosa / metabolism
  • Gastritis / metabolism
  • Gastritis / pathology
  • Gastritis, Atrophic / metabolism
  • Gastritis, Atrophic / pathology
  • Helicobacter Infections / complications
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking
  • Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Stomach Neoplasms / mortality
  • Survival Analysis
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum / metabolism*

Supplementary concepts

  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Complementation Group G

Grants and funding

This work is supported by grants from the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 Program ref no. 2010CB529304), and the Foundation of Science and Technology in Liaoning Province (ref no. 2011225002). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.