Clinical consensus statement: pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Oct;151(4):542-53. doi: 10.1177/0194599814549302.


Objective: To develop a clinical consensus statement on the optimal diagnosis and management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS).

Methods: A representative 9-member panel of otolaryngologists with no relevant conflicts of interest was assembled to consider opportunities to optimize the diagnosis and management of PCRS. A working definition of PCRS and the scope of pertinent otolaryngologic practice were first established. Patients of ages 6 months to 18 years without craniofacial syndromes or immunodeficiency were defined as the targeted population of interest. A modified Delphi method was then used to distill expert opinion into clinical statements that met a standardized definition of consensus.

Results: After 2 iterative Delphi method surveys, 22 statements met the standardized definition of consensus while 12 statements did not. Four statements were omitted due to redundancy. The clinical statements were grouped into 4 categories for presentation and discussion: (1) definition and diagnosis of PCRS, (2) medical treatment of PCRS, (3) adenoiditis/adenoidectomy, and (4) endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS)/turbinoplasty.

Conclusion: Expert panel consensus may provide helpful information for the otolaryngologist in the diagnosis and management of PCRS in uncomplicated pediatric patients.

Keywords: Delphi method; chronic rhinosinusitis; evidence-based medicine; pediatric otolaryngology; review; rhinosinusitis.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease
  • Consensus*
  • Delphi Technique
  • Endoscopy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Rhinitis / diagnosis*
  • Rhinitis / etiology
  • Rhinitis / therapy*
  • Sinusitis / diagnosis*
  • Sinusitis / etiology
  • Sinusitis / therapy*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents